Archive for December, 2019

from Daily Catholic

Instead of partying and drinking to usher in the New Year, Catholics can best prepare for the everlasting years by focusing on the One Who governs the years and determines when we will arrive at our final year before Judgment. It is far better to be in the mindset of being mindful always of the Four Last Things, Death, Judgment, Heaven or, God forbid, hell.

An indulgence of 7 years is granted to all the faithful with a contrite heart, during the last half hour of the year and the first half hour of the following year, shall pray to the Most Holy Trinity in thanksgiving for benefits received; beseeching the same Holy Trinity for peace among Christians nations, for concord among Christians princes, for the conversion of sinners, and for the triumph of holy Mother Church and its visible head, the Roman Pontiff. [In our case, the traditional intentions of a true Pope were we to have one

Signing off on the Old Year

OLD YEAR AND NEW YEAR (From Lapsus est Annus)

A year is dead, a year is born;
Thus time flies by on silent wing:
Thou, Lord, alone canst guide our course
And safe to heaven Thy people bring.
For all past gifts we render thanks;
For graces new we humbly pray.
Oh, grant that we and those we love
May ne’er from faith and duty stray.

O Lord, our daily wants supply;
Protect from sickness and disease;
And deign to give, O God of love
The blessings of unbroken peace.

Oh, blot out all our ancient sins
And give us strength to fall no more;
When fight is o’er and victory won,
Then crown us on the eternal shore.

For all the old year’s sins we grieve;
Our hearts we consecrate to Thee.
Grant us, when all our years are sped,
Our heavenly father’s face to see.


    We offer to the Most Holy Trinity the merits of Jesus Christ in thanksgiving for the Precious Blood which He shed in the Garden for us; and by His merits we beseech the divine majesty to grant us the pardon of all our sins.Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father

    We offer to the Most Holy Trinity the merits of Jesus Christ, in thanksgiving for His most precious death endured on the cross for us; and by His merits we beseech the divine majesty to free us from the punishment due to our sins.Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father

    We offer to the Most Holy Trinity the merits of Jesus Christ, in thanksgiving for His unspeakable charity, by which He descended from heaven to earth to take upon Himself our flesh, and to suffer and die for us on the cross; and by His merits we beseech the divine majesty to bring our souls to the glory of heaven after our death.Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father(Indulgence of 100 days each time. His Holiness Pope Pius IX, June 18, 1876)

    Most Holy Trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, behold us prostrate in Thy divine presence. We humble ourselves profoundly and beg of Thee pardon for our sins. We adore Thee, omnipotent Father, and with the outpouring of our hearts we thank Thee for having given us Thy divine Son Jesus to be our Redeemer, and for having left Him with us to the consummation of the world in the most august Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist, in which mystery of faith and love He reveals to us the wonders of His Sacred Heart.Glory Be to the Father…

    O Divine Word, most adorable Jesus, our Redeemer, we adore Thee in Thy Sacrament, and with the outpouring of our hearts we thank Thee for having taken human flesh and for having made Thyself, for our redemption, both Priest and Victim in the sacrifice of the Cross, a sacrifice which, by an excess of the love of Thy adorable Sacred Heart, Thou dost renew every moment on our altars throughout the world. O Supreme Priest, O divine Victim, grant us the grace to honor Thy holy sacrifice in the most adorable Eucharist with the homage of Mary most holy and of all Thy Holy Church, triumphant, suffering and warfare. We offer ourselves wholly to Thee, and since Thou dost deign to have victims associated with Thee, accept our offering, and, uniting it with Thine, bless us.Glory Be to the Father…

    O Divine Spirit the Paraclete, we adore Thee and with the outpourings of our hearts we give Thee thanks that Thou hast, with such great love for us, wrought the ineffable blessings of the Incarnation of the Word of God, a blessing which is being continually extended and enlarged in the most august Sacrament of the Eucharist. Ah, by this adorable mystery of love of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, do Thou grant unto us and all poor sinners Thy holy grace. Pour forth Thy holy gifts upon us and upon all redeemed souls, and in an especial manner upon Holy Church, the spouse of Jesus Christ and our mother, upon its visible head, the supreme Roman Pontiff, upon all Cardinals, Bishops and Pastors of souls, upon Priests and all other ministers of Thy sanctuary. Amen.Glory Be to the Father…An indulgence of 3 years (S. C. Ind., Mar. 22, 1905; S. P. Ap., Dec. 9, 1932). Raccolta No. 45


    O God, the beginning and the end of all things, Who art always the selfsame, and Whose years fail not, we now, at the close of another year, kneel in adoration before Thee, and offer Thee our deepest gratitude for the fatherly care with which Thou has watched over us during the past, for the many times Thou hast shielded us from evils of soul and body, and for the numberless blessings, both temporal and spiritual, which Thou hast showered upon us. May it please Thee to accept the homage of our grateful hearts which we offer Thee in union with the infinite thanksgiving of Thy divine Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, Who with Thee liveth and reigneth forever and ever. Amen.

Welcoming the New Year


    O Eternal Father, after having thanked thy infinite bounty for thy exceeding benefits in the past, we humbly implore pardon for our manifold sins and negligences, for the time we have consumed and wasted in vanities and in things that profit not unto salvation, and for the woeful want of correspondence with Thy graces which we have so habitually manifested.

    But filled with confidence in Thy mercy, so lavishly displayed in a multitude of ways, we ask Thy blessings upon our good purposes and resolutions. For now we renew the sacred promises we made in Baptism, when we first became Thy children and heirs of the heavenly kingdom, and we renounce Satan with all his works and pomps.

    Firmly convinced that the salvation of our immortal souls is the one great business of life, the purpose for which we have come into the world, we solemnly resolve for the future not only to do all in our power to avoid every grievous sin in thought, word, and deed but also to shun every unnecessary occasion that might imperil our souls. We further resolve to fulfill with greater exactness and fidelity the duties of our station in life, to give more attention to our progress in things spiritual, to be more devoted to holy Mass, to receive the Sacraments more frequently, and to pray more often and more fervently.

    Bless, O my God, these good resolutions which we offer to Thee at this, the threshold of a new year. Give us Thy precious grace and make us truly wise. The days and years of our life are passing so swiftly away. Help us, in Thy mercy, to utilize them, as we ought to do, for Thy greater honor and glory, for the good of our neighbor, and for our sanctification. The night cometh in which no man can work longer; soon, at best, we shall have to appear before Thee to render an account of our stewardship. May we then be found worthy to receive from Thee that divine welcome: “Well done, good and faithful servants, enter into the joy of thy Lord.”


Holy God, we praise Thy name!
Lord of all, we bow before Thee!
All on earth Thy scepter claim,
All in heav’n above adore Thee:
Infinite Thy vast domain,
Everlasting is Thy reign.
Hark! The loud celestial hymn,
Angel choirs above are raising!
Cherubim and seraphim,
In unceasing chorus praising,
Fill the heavens with sweet accord;
Holy, holy, holy Lord.

Holy father, holy Son,
Holy Spirit, three we name Thee,
While in essence only one,
Undivided God we claim Thee;
And adoring bend the knee,
While we own the mystery.

V. Let us bless the Father and the Son with the Holy Ghost.
R. Let us praise and exalt Him above all forever.

Let us Pray

    O God, Whose mercy is without measure and the treasure of Whose goodness is infinite, we give thanks to Thy most comforting Majesty for the gifts conferred upon us, and we beg Thee continually through Thy clemency, that Thou Who grantest the request of those who ask Thee, mayest not abandon them now but rather dispose them for future rewards. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.


    O sacred and adorable Trinity, hear our prayers on behalf of our holy Father the Pope, our Bishops, our clergy, and for all that are in authority over us. Bless, we beseech Thee, during the coming year, the whole Catholic Church; convert heretics and unbelievers; soften the hearts of sinners so that they may return to Thy friendship; give prosperity to our country and peace among the nations of the world; pour down Thy blessings upon our friends, relatives, and acquaintances, and upon our enemies, if we have any; assist the poor and the sick; have pity on the souls of those whom this year has taken from us; and do Thou be merciful to those who during the coming year will be summoned before Thy judgment seat. May all our actions be preceded by Thy inspirations and carried on by Thy assistance, so that all our prayers and works, having been begun in Thee, may likewise be ended through Thee. Amen.


   Lord, Thou hast been our refuge from generation to generation. Before the mountains were made, or the earth and the world was formed; from eternity to eternity Thou art God. Thou makest man to return to atoms, and sayest, return, ye children of men. For a thousand years in Thy sight are as yesterday when it is past, And as a watch in the night. Thou carriest them (men) away as with a flood; they are as a sleep. In the morning they are like grass which growth up. In the morning it flourisheth and growth up; in the evening it fadeth, growth dry, and withereth. For in Thine anger we are consumed, and in Thy wrath we are troubled. Thou hast set our iniquities before Thine eyes, our secret sins in the light of Thy countenance. For all our days are past away in Thy wrath; our years are consumed as a sigh.

    The days of our years are threescore and ten; and if in the strong they are fourscore years, yet their pride is but labor and sorrow; for it is soon past, and we fly away. Who knoweth the power of Thine anger, and Thy wrath according to the fear that is due Thee? So teach us to number our days, that we may have a heart of wisdom. Return, O’Lord, how long? And be entreated in favor of Thy servants. O satisfy us in the morning with Thy loving-kindness, that we may rejoice and be glad all our days. Make us glad according to the days in which we have been afflicted and the years wherein we have seen evil. Look upon Thy servants and upon their works, and direct their children. And the gracious kindness of the Lord Our God be upon us, and direct Thou the works of our hands upon us; Yea, the work of our hands, do Thou direct.

THE EVENING OF LIFE (From the Rerum Deus)

O Strength, and stay upholden all creation,
who ever dost Thyself unmoved abide,
yet day by day the light in due gradation
from hour to hour through its changes guide:
Grant to life’s day a calm, unclouded ending,
and eve, untouched by shadows of decay,
the brightness of a holy death-bed blending
with dawning glories of th’ eternal day.

Hear us, O Father, gracious and forgiven,
And Thou, O Christ, the co-eternal Word,
Who, with the Holy Ghost, by all things living
Now and to endless ages art adored.


    O Sweet Savior of my Soul! From the depths of my heart I salute Thee at the beginning of this year. O my Infant Savior, I most confidently approach Thy crib and implore Thee to give efficacy by Thy Precious Blood to the resolutions I now make, of living from this moment in the manner I shall wish to have done when time shall be about to close forever on me.

    May each action of the coming year be offered in union with the adorable actions of Thy mortal life; may every intention be renounced save that of laboring for Thy love and glory. O merciful Jesus! By the helplessness of Thy Holy Infancy, strengthen my weakness and fortify my resolution nevermore to offend Thee. Amen.

As we enter the New Year, I thought it a good time to stay grounded as to the current situation in the Church and the world. And as always, when dealing with prophecies, keep in mind what the Church teaches about contemporary prophecies.

from Novus Ordo Watch

In all the frightening confusion, difficulties, and distress we have to endure in the face of the eclipse of the holy Catholic Church by the Modernist Vatican II Sect, it is good to call to mind now and again that what has happened since the death of Pope Pius XII in 1958 is something that has, in one way or another, been predicted and foretold in Holy Scripture, Sacred Tradition, and approved private revelations.

The following list consists of links to posts and pages on this web site that mention, directly or indirectly, various predictions of the ecclesiastical catastrophe that has befallen the Catholic world since Vatican II, or that prescribe remedies to certain evils which, if not applied, will lead to precisely the sort of situation we find ourselves in at this time. We must remember that this terrible affliction for Holy Mother Church was foreknown and preordained by God from all eternity. Just as Our Lord’s Sacred Passion was not a defeat of His Mission but its very essence, so this “Mystical” Passion of the Church is likewise part of the divine plan. Let us remain faithful, then, to the true Church as to the true Messiah, who will restore His Mystical Body no less miraculously than He restored His own Body at the Resurrection.

from Novus Ordo Watch

If you thought that the whole Mother Earth/Pachamama/Gaia worship at the Vatican was simply an excess of the turbulent Amazon Synod and therefore a thing of an inglorious past, you are sorely mistaken. Far from it being a one-time aberration, it is now becoming a recurring theme that is popping up again and again in Novus Ordo Land.

Not only was the idol worshipped before and during the Amazon Synod in and around the Vatican, even at the closing “Mass” in St. Peter’s Basilica; an image of it was also recently featured on a Christmas card mailed out by the Franciscans International, who even defended the move when challenged. And of course Francis even published a book entitled Our Mother Earth recently.

While the false pope’s useful idiots are still trying to argue that this nasty pagan figure isn’t really Pachamama — although even Francis has admitted as much — or if it is, then that’s OK because Pachamama is really the Virgin Mary, or, in any case, not an idol (even “Cardinals” Marc Ouellet and Christoph Schonborn have now weighed in), the Vatican continues to push Mother Earth worship ever further into the consciousness of those still trapped in the Novus Ordo religion.

Case in point: this year’s Christmas concert in Vatican City. It was held on Saturday, Dec. 14, in the Paul VI audience hall, which is the usual venue for this annual spectacle.

According to a report by Gloria TV, there were approximately 5,000 people in attendance, and another 2,000,000 watched it on TV. At roughly 105 minutes into the program, a young indigenous woman from Latin America was brought onto the stage. Here’s what happened next:

She asked the audience to cross their arms over their chest and to feel a strong vibration, explaining that this is “your heart” but also “the heart of Mother Earth.”

Where there is silence, she explained, there is “the Spirit” who allows “to hear the message of Mother Earth.” She added that “for us indigenous peoples, Mother Earth, the Hicha Guaia, is everything” because the demon Guaia – a synonym for Pachamama – “gives us food, sacred water, medicinal plants” and therefore receives sacrifices like “the placenta and the first hair of man which are cut.”

Cardinals and bishops present at this “catechesis” eagerly followed the woman’s instructions.

(“Francis’ Christmas Concert Included Pachamama Catechesis (Video)”Gloria TV, Dec. 26, 2019; italics given.)

A video clip of this part of the concert may be watched here:

In the full concert video, this incident occurs beginning at the 1:44:32 mark.

Long-time Vatican reporter and commentator Marco Tosatti also reported on this abomination, quoting the young woman as follows:

You will feel a strong vibration. It’s the heart. Your heart, but also the heart of Mother Earth.

On the other side, where there is silence, is the Spirit. The Spirit who allows you to feel the message of the Mother.

For us indigenous peoples, Mother Earth, the Hicha Gueia, is everything. It is the Mother who gives us food, sacred water, medicinal plants; and what we offer to the earth is to pay homage to her, the placenta and the first hair we cut. For us, Mother Earth is fundamental, our connection with her is constant, how the pulse feels, how the heart feels.

(Translation by DeepL)

Everything is connected, see?

You can’t make this stuff up, folks. Earth worship is now par for the course in Bergoglio’s Vatican. This is light years beyond turning a blind eye to adultery, which, although horrific enough, is practically a peccadillo by comparison.

Then again, what can you expect from an event taking place in a hall whose stage looks like this?

For those not familiar with it: What you see in the above image is a gigantic bronze sculpture called La Resurrezione (“The Resurrection”), perpetrated by Pericle Fazzini (1913-1987). This diabolical piece of “art” has been sitting there as the backdrop for indoor “papal” audiences in the serpentine Paul VI audience hall since 1977. It is out there in the open for anyone who can be bothered to look. Why no one has run away in utter horror at the sight of this blasphemous junk, is anyone’s guess. It has been reported that there is not a single crucifix or other Catholic work of art in the entire hall.

Call it what you will: Gaia, Pachamama, Mother Earth — worship of this demon is becoming the “new normal” in Vatican City, and it won’t take long before it spreads through the rest of Novus Ordo Land. The worship of creation is gradually replacing the worship of the Creator, and this is happening under the pretext of caring for the environment. One is reminded of St. Paul’s teaching in his Epistle to the Romans:

For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and injustice of those men that detain the truth of God in injustice: Because that which is known of God is manifest in them. For God hath manifested it unto them. For the invisible things of him, from the creation of the world, are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made; his eternal power also, and divinity: so that they are inexcusable. Because that, when they knew God, they have not glorified him as God, or given thanks; but became vain in their thoughts, and their foolish heart was darkened. For professing themselves to be wise, they became fools. And they changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of the image of a corruptible man, and of birds, and of fourfooted beasts, and of creeping things. Wherefore God gave them up to the desires of their heart, unto uncleanness, to dishonour their own bodies among themselves. Who changed the truth of God into a lie; and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

(Romans 1:18-25)

Idolatry is the next logical step after apostasy. And remember, Francis said earlier this year that God wills there to be a diversity of religions, so it’s all good because it comes with divine approval, according to the apostate Jesuit. “Our differences are necessary”, he said addressing interreligious youngsters in Mozambique. This new, false gospel is being channeled wherever Bergoglio is in control — and not even Christmas is safe from it!

So now people have been taught to cross their arms, feel their heart, and channel their inner Gaia.

Perhaps we can now understand why Francis’ hideous pectoral cross shows a (false) shepherd with his arms crossed.

© Mazur/

Image sources: (screenshot) / (screenshot) / (Mazur; cropped)
Licenses: fair use / fair use / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

from Novus Ordo Watch

The Novus Ordo organization Franciscans International, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, has emailed out a virtual Christmas card to its supporters.

Or rather, they sent out what is supposed to be a Christmas card. You can see it displayed above and find it linked here. Who would have thought that good ol’ Pachamama of Amazon Synod infamy — also known as Gaia — would make an appearance in it?

The card bears the title Visitatio Mariae, which means “Visitation of Mary”. Taken at face value, this would mean that the hideous-looking and nude pregnant Pagan woman squatting in front of the Blessed Mother is St. Elizabeth. That would surely be a sacrilege.

But, not to worry. The text accompanying this electronic “Christmas card”, penned and signed by Franciscans International‘s executive director, “Fr.” Markus Heinze, makes clear that this is not St. Elizabeth but the Pagan earth goddess: “In this picture you see Mary, who we honor as the ‘new Eve’ or Mother of Life, together with Pachamama, who some indigenous peoples honor as the ‘earth mother’”, Mr. Heinze writes.

The remainder of the text is as insipid and mundane as one would expect from Naturalists such as Novus Ordo Franciscans. We produce here the full content of the card:

In the context of the nativity, Luke tells us about the meeting between Mary and her cousin Elizabeth. The two women, both expecting a child, meet each other with attentiveness and sensitivity. At the opening of the Synod, Pope Francis asked us to approach the peoples of the Amazon on our ‘tiptoes’.

In this picture you see Mary, who we honor as the ‘new Eve’ or Mother of Life, together with Pachamama, who some indigenous peoples honor as the ‘earth mother’. Francis of Assisi too describes the earth as our mother in the Canticle.

Celebrating Christmas, I wish that we may approach God and each other on our ‘tiptoes’ so that we experience in these meetings the ‘real living’.

On behalf of Franciscans International,

Markus Heinze, OFM
Executive Director


Yeah, whatever. We’re not going to dignify the “tiptoe” nonsense with any comment.

But there’s something else that needs a little attention. We are told that “Francis of Assisi too describes the earth as our mother in the Canticle [of the Sun].” Yes, indeed, St. Francis spoke of “Mother Earth”, “Brother Sun”, and even “Sister Bodily Death”. But he used these as metaphors and not as objects of worship. Nor did he attempt a syncretistic fusion of Catholicism with Paganism.

By the way, when “Pope” Francis presented St. Francis’ Canticle of the Sun in his environmentalist encyclical Laudato Si’ a few years back, he omitted all (but not only) those parts that make mention of mortal sin. Remember?

It only makes sense: Who wants to be distracted by such antiquated concepts as mortal sin against God while worshipping “Mother Earth”? And don’t say it’s not happening: Vatican “Cardinal” Gianfranco Ravasi showed us how while in Canada a televised Novus Ordo worship service sang Gaia’s praises.

You will have noticed that the digital pseudo-Christmas card from the Franciscans International is graced by a quote — not from the Holy Gospels, mind you, or from the other divinely inspired texts of the New Testament or from one of the Old Testament prophets. No, the quote is from the Jewish existentialist Martin Buber (1878-1965), one of the thinkers from which Francis appears to draw his ideology-disguised-as-Catholicism: “All real living is meeting.”

This is the state of the Novus Ordo religion at the close of the Year of Our Lord 2019.

It looks like Pachamama is going to stick around for a while.

Image source: Franciscans International
License: fair use

Jorge Bergoglio “Pope Francis” has replaced Jesus Christ with a life jacket, and portrayed it as a ‘crucifix.’

As we know from basic catechism, a person commits a sin of sacrilege when he mistreats sacred persons, places, and things.

When the mistreatment is done to a person consecrated to God, it is a personal sacrilege. When the mistreatment is done against a sacred thing, like a sacrament, Holy Scripture, blessed objects, chalices, statues, etc., it is a real sacrilege.

Replacing Jesus Christ with a life jacket, according to what the Church teaches, is a sin of real sacrilege.

This isn’t the first rodeo for Jorge Bergoglio.

What makes the incident even more bold, in addition to it being public and published by the occupiers of the Vatican, is that like the Pachamama figurines, he actually ‘blessed’ this ‘life jacket crucifix’.

For those in union with Jorge Bergoglio and the Church created at the ‘Second Vatican Council’, the Pachamama figurines and this life jacket crucifix are actually blessed objects!

Of course, objectively, since Bergoglio was ‘ordained’ with the rite from the communist modernist Montini, he doubtfully was a priest to begin with. So those offensive things aren’t actually blessed.

The antics of this false pope are not the problem, but the results of it. The problem began with the false church created at V2. It contradicts the Catholic Church. The bad fruits of sacrileges, idolatries, and other grave offenses will only continue, because the V2 church itself is a rotten tree.

For more details of the differences between the Catholic Church and the novus ordo church, here is a series of side-by-side comparisons.

from Novus Ordo Watch

“At the Cross her station keeping…”

Although he loves to feign a great devotion to the Most Holy Mother of God, in actual fact Jorge Bergoglio (“Pope” Francis) has as much hatred and contempt for her as he does for her Divine Son, our Blessed Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Just last week, on Dec. 9, we published a blog post giving several concrete examples of how the apostate from Buenos Aires blasphemes the Blessed Virgin Mary. Little did we know he was going to do it again just three days later.

On Dec. 12, for the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe, the papal pretender presided over a Novus Ordo worship service at St. Peter’s Basilica (photos and video here). During the homily he couldn’t help himself: Not only did he deny the doctrine of the Co-Redemption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, he mocked it as “foolishness”:

Pope Francis appeared to flatly reject proposals in some theological circles to add “co-redemptrix” to the list of titles of the Virgin Mary, saying the mother of Jesus never took anything that belonged to her son, and calling the invention of new titles and dogmas “foolishness.”

“She never wanted for herself something that was of her son,” Francis said. “She never introduced herself as co-redemptrix. No. Disciple,” he said, meaning that Mary saw herself as a disciple of Jesus.

Mary, the pope insisted, “never stole for herself anything that was of her son,” instead “serving him. Because she is mother. She gives life.”

“When they come to us with the story of declaring her this or making that dogma, let’s not get lost in foolishness [in Spanish, tonteras],” he said.

(Ines San Martin, “Pope calls idea of declaring Mary co-redemptrix ‘foolishness’”Crux, Dec. 13, 2019; italics given.)

Notice that Francis does not merely reject the idea of raising the Co-Redemption (alternate spelling is “Corredemption”) to the level of dogma and officially sanctioning the title of “Co-Redemptrix”, he scoffs at the idea and thereby insults those who favor it. He could have simply said the proposal is not wise and theologically inaccurate, if that’s what he believes, but he chose to go further. He even stooped so low as to suggest that the Co-Redemption implies the Blessed Mother stealing what belongs to Christ.

It is tragicomic that Francis pronounced these impious words on the same day that Life Site published an open letter from Novus Ordo laity addressed to Francis, “imploring him to condemn the idolatry of mother earth (Pachamama) that recently took place at the Vatican and to confirm them in honoring Mary as mother and queen.”

What is the Co-Redemption?

But what even is the Co-Redemption? Many have probably never even heard of it. Is it really traditional Catholic doctrine or is it an impermissible exaggeration of the role of the Mother of Sorrows? Does the title “Co-Redemptrix” not cross the line into quasi-idolatry, making Mary Most Holy to be equal with Christ? And would this doctrine not be an implicit denial of the Council of Trent, which speaks of “Jesus Christ our Lord, who alone is our Redeemer and Savior” (Session 25; Denz. 984)?

Concerned souls can breathe easy: The notion of Mary’s Co-Redemption does not mean that Christ’s Mother is equal with God, that she is divine, that Christ is not our only Redeemer, or that His Redemption was lacking in something a mere creature had to supply.

A lot of the confusion about the concept seems to stem from the prefix “co-.” We must understand that this word does not mean equal. Being derived from the Latin word cum, it simply means with (see Leo F. Stelten, Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Latin [Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1995], s.v. “cum”). When we say that the Blessed Mother is the Co-Redemptrix, we mean that she is associated and united with the Redemption of Christ by participating in it in a unique but clearly subordinate way. Precisely in what way, that is the content of the doctrine of the Corredemption.

Is the Co-Redemption Reasonable?

It is not foreign to God to permit His creatures to share in both His natural and His supernatural work. For example, although God is the only Creator, nevertheless He has allowed parents to be co-operators with Him in the work of creation, and this is appropriately called pro-creation. Every priest is an alter Christus (“another Christ”) — he offers Holy Mass, forgives sins, baptizes, etc., in persona Christi (cf. 2 Cor 2:10). The administration of the sacraments is a clear example of where God permits human beings to share in His work of saving souls, but it is not the only one, for, as St. Paul says, in a certain sense all Catholics “are God’s coadjutors” (1 Cor 3:9), that is, His assistants.

We know from Divine Revelation that Jesus Christ is our one and only Mediator: “For there is one God, and one mediator of God and men, the man Christ Jesus” (1 Tim 2:5). Yet we also know that this One Mediatorship of Christ does not prevent other, lesser mediators who are subordinate to, and entirely dependent upon, the Divine Mediator. Among them there is, first and foremost, the Blessed Virgin, who is the Mediatrix of All Graces, and then all the other saints. Ultimately, even every last one of us who practices intercessory prayer shares in a very subordinate way in the One Mediatorship of Christ, simply because that is how God has willed it to be in the Communion of Saints. It is a beautiful and consoling truth, one that does not take anything away from Christ’s Mediatorship but demonstrates its great efficacy.

Now it is evident that God willed to allow the Holy Virgin to co-operate in the work of the Incarnation (see Lk 1:26ff.); why then should He not also permit her, who “kept all these words, pondering them in her heart” (Lk 2:19), to co-operate in the work of the Redemption, which is the reason our Blessed Lord became incarnate in the first place?

The Blessed Virgin Mary’s unique participation in the Redemption of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is definitely taught in Divine Revelation and by the Catholic Church’s magisterium, as the following copious quotations will demonstrate.

Church Doctrine on the Co-Redemption

The Corredemption is announced in the very first prophecy of the Redeemer: “I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel” (Gen 3:15). That a woman should be permitted to cooperate in the Redemption of mankind is most fitting, as it was through the cooperation of a woman that man fell into sin to begin with (see Gen 3:1-6). As Jesus Christ is the New Adam (cf. 1 Cor 15:22), so Mary is the New Eve (Eva –> Ave).

In his Letter to the Colossians, St. Paul the Apostle mentions that “[I] now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up those things that are wanting of the sufferings of Christ, in my flesh, for his body, which is the church” (Col 1:24). On this passage, the Scripture commentary of Fr. George Haydock notes:

The wisdom, the will, the justice of Jesus Christ, requireth and ordaineth that his body and members should be companions of his sufferings, as they expect to be companions of his glory; that so suffering with him, and after his example, they may apply to their own wants and to the necessities of others the merits and satisfaction of Jesus Christ, which application is what is wanting, and what we are permitted to supply by the sacraments and sacrifice of the new law.

(Haydock Commentary; italics given.)

If this is true for all members of Christ’s Body, for all Catholics, how would it not apply in the most exemplary fashion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the only member of the Church who was never under the dominion of Satan or sin for even an instant, and whose own individual suffering was prophesied by St. Simeon in Sacred Scripture with the words, “thy own soul a sword shall pierce” (Lk 2:35)?

The papal magisterium is filled with beautiful references and allusions to the Blessed Virgin’s unique participation in the Redemption of Christ.

In a letter of Jan. 9, 1801, Pope Pius VII wrote to the bishop of Cagliari that the Sorrowful Virgin “stood at the foot of the Cross and offered those sorrows to the Eternal Father for our salvation” (Apostolic Letter Id Officii Debent; in Benedictine Monks of Solesmes, eds., Papal Teachings: Our Lady [Boston, MA: Daughters of St. Paul, 1961], n. 12, p. 41).

In his Apostolic Constitution defining the dogma of the Immaculate Conception ex cathedra, Pope Pius IX taught:

Hence, just as Christ, the Mediator between God and man, assumed human nature, blotted the handwriting of the decree that stood against us, and fastened it triumphantly to the cross, so the most holy Virgin, united with him by a most intimate and indissoluble bond, was, with him and through him, eternally at enmity with the evil serpent, and most completely triumphed over him, and thus crushed his head with her immaculate foot.

(Pope Pius IX, Apostolic Constitution Ineffabilis Deus)

In a letter of Aug. 25, 1873, the same Pope Pius IX pointed out that the Mother of God “was so closely united to the sacrifice of her Divine Son, from the virginal conception of Jesus Christ to His sorrowful Passion, that she was called by some Fathers of the Church, Virgin Priest” (Apostolic Letter Cum Purgaturus; in Papal Teachings: Our Lady, n. 69, p. 85). It is important to understand that the type of priesthood referred to here is not the ordained or ministerial priesthood that most people will think of when they hear the word “priest”. Hence, in order to avoid confusion among the faithful, the Church subsequently forbade a devotion to Mary as Virgin-Priest and in a decree of Apr. 8, 1916, disapproved of images depicting the Blessed Mother wearing priestly vestments (see Acta Apostolicae Sedis VIII [1916], p. 146).

Pius IX’s immediate successor, Pope Leo XIII, more than hinted at Blessed Mary’s Co-Redemption in one of his many encyclical letters on the Holy Rosary when he taught:

In the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus is in an agony; in the judgment-hall, where He is scourged, crowned with thorns, condemned to death, not there do we find Mary. But she knew beforehand all these agonies; she knew and saw them. When she professed herself the handmaid of the Lord for the mother’s office, and when, at the foot of the altar, she offered up her whole self with her Child Jesus — then and thereafter she took her part in the laborious expiation made by her Son for the sins of the world. It is certain, therefore, that she suffered in the very depths of her soul with His most bitter sufferings and with His torments. Moreover, it was before the eyes of Mary that was to be finished the Divine Sacrifice for which she had borne and brought up the Victim. As we contemplate Him in the last and most piteous of those Mysteries, there stood by the Cross of Jesus His Mother, who, in a miracle of charity, so that she might receive us as her sons, offered generously to Divine Justice her own Son, and died in her heart with Him, stabbed with the sword of sorrow.

(Pope Leo XIII, Encyclical Iucunda Semper, n. 3)

In the same encyclical, Pope Leo included this beautiful prayer to the Sorrowful Virgin:

Yes, we fly to thee, we miserable children of Eve, O holy Mother of God. To thee we lift our prayers, for thou art the Mediatrix, powerful at once and pitiful, of our salvation. Oh, by the sweetness of the joys that came to thee from thy Son Jesus, by thy participation in His ineffable sorrows, by the splendors of His glory shining in thee, we instantly beseech thee, listen, be pitiful, hear us, unworthy though we be!

(Iucunda Semper, n. 8)

In an earlier encyclical on the Rosary, the same Pope Leo had taught that “the Immaculate Virgin, chosen to be the Mother of God and thereby associated with Him in the work of man’s salvation, has a favor and power with her Son greater than any human or angelic creature has ever obtained, or ever can gain” (Encyclical Supremi Apostolatus, n. 2).

All subsequent Popes taught the Universal Church in the same manner:

When the supreme hour of the Son came, beside the Cross of Jesus there stood Mary His Mother, not merely occupied in contemplating the cruel spectacle, but rejoicing that her Only Son was offered for the salvation of mankind, and so entirely participating in His Passion, that if it had been possible she would have gladly borne all the torments that her Son bore (S. Bonav. 1. Sent d. 48, ad Litt. dub. 4). And from this community of will and suffering between Christ and Mary she merited to become most worthily the Reparatrix of the lost world (Eadmeri Mon. De Excellentia Virg. Mariae, c. 9) and Dispensatrix of all the gifts that Our Savior purchased for us by His Death and by His Blood.

(Pope St. Pius X, Encyclical Ad Diem, n. 12)

In fact, according to the common teaching of the Doctors it was God’s design that the Blessed Virgin Mary, apparently absent from the public life of Jesus, should assist Him when He was dying nailed to the Cross. Mary suffered and, as it were, nearly died with her suffering Son; for the salvation of mankind she renounced her mother’s rights and, as far as it depended on her, offered her Son to placate divine justice; so we may well say that she with Christ redeemed mankind.

(Pope Benedict XV, Apostolic Letter Inter Sodalicia [May 22, 1918], in Acta Apostolicae Sedis X [1918], p. 181; translation taken from Papal Teachings: Our Lady, n. 267, p. 194.)

In his Apostolic Letter Explorata Res of Feb. 2, 1923, Pope Pius XI spoke of “the fact that the sorrowful Virgin took part with Jesus Christ in the work of the Redemption” (in Acta Apostolicae Sedis XV [1923], p. 104; translation from Papal Teachings: Our Lady, n. 282, p. 205).

In 1928, Pius XI issued an encyclical letter on reparation to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in which he explained what can be considered the basis for any and all acts of participation in the Redemption on the part of human beings:

Rightly, therefore, does Christ, still suffering in His mystical body, desire to have us partakers of His expiation, and this is also demanded by our intimate union with Him, for since we are “the body of Christ and members of member” (1 Corinthians xii, 27), whatever the head suffers, all the members must suffer with it (Cf. 1 Corinthians xii, 26).

(Pope Pius XI, Encyclical Miserentissimus Redemptor, n. 14)

The same Roman Pontiff concluded this encyclical stating that the Mother of God “offered Him [Jesus Christ] as a victim by the Cross” so that “by her mystic union with Christ and His very special grace she likewise became and is piously called a reparatress” (n. 21).

Not surprisingly, the last (known) true Pope so far, Pius XII, also taught the Corredemption of the Blessed Virgin:

It was she, the second Eve, who, free from all sin, original or personal, and always most intimately united with her Son, offered Him on Golgotha to the Eternal Father for all the children of Adam, sin-stained by his unhappy fall, and her mother’s rights and mother’s love were included in the holocaust.

(Pope Pius XII, Encyclical Mystici Corporis, n. 110)

We must remember especially that, since the second century, the Virgin Mary has been designated by the holy Fathers as the new Eve, who, although subject to the new Adam, is most intimately associated with him in that struggle against the infernal foe which, as foretold in the protoevangelium, would finally result in that most complete victory over the sin and death which are always mentioned together in the writings of the Apostle of the Gentiles….

Hence the revered Mother of God, from all eternity joined in a hidden way with Jesus Christ in one and the same decree of predestination, immaculate in her conception, a most perfect virgin in her divine motherhood, the noble associate of the divine Redeemer who has won a complete triumph over sin and its consequences….

(Pope Pius XII, Apostolic Constitution Munificentissimus Deus, nn. 39-40)

But the Blessed Virgin Mary should be called Queen, not only because of her Divine Motherhood, but also because God has willed her to have an exceptional role in the work of our eternal salvation….

Now, in the accomplishing of this work of redemption, the Blessed Virgin Mary was most closely associated with Christ….

From these considerations, the proof develops on these lines: if Mary, in taking an active part in the work of salvation, was, by God’s design, associated with Jesus Christ, the source of salvation itself, in a manner comparable to that in which Eve was associated with Adam, the source of death, so that it may be stated that the work of our salvation was accomplished by a kind of “recapitulation,” in which a virgin was instrumental in the salvation of the human race, just as a virgin had been closely associated with its death; if, moreover, it can likewise be stated that this glorious Lady had been chosen Mother of Christ “in order that she might become a partner in the redemption of the human race”; and if, in truth, “it was she who, free of the stain of actual and original sin, and ever most closely bound to her Son, on Golgotha offered that Son to the Eternal Father together with the complete sacrifice of her maternal rights and maternal love, like a new Eve, for all the sons of Adam, stained as they were by his lamentable fall,” then it may be legitimately concluded that as Christ, the new Adam, must be called a King not merely because He is Son of God, but also because He is our Redeemer, so, analogously, the Most Blessed Virgin is queen not only because she is Mother of God, but also because, as the new Eve, she was associated with the new Adam.

(Pope Pius XII, Encyclical Ad Caeli Reginam, nn. 35-36,38)

The specific title “Co-Redemptrix” for the Blessed Virgin was explicitly used by some of the Popes, such as Pius XI, who during a radio message addressed the Mother of God thus: “Mother most faithful and most merciful, who as coredemptrix and partaker of thy dear Son’s sorrows didst assist Him as He offered the sacrifice of our Redemption on the altar of the Cross…” (Radio Message to Pilgrims at Lourdes, Apr. 28, 1935; excerpted in Papal Teachings: Our Lady, n. 334, p. 228).

The title “Co-Redemptrix” also appears in documents issued by the Holy Office, of which each Pope is the head. The Holy Office is the Vatican dicastery charged with enforcing orthodoxy throughout the Universal Church. In 1913, under Pope St. Pius X, a decree was issued referring to “the glorious name of his Mother, our corredemptrix, the Blessed Mary” (“glorioso … nomine Matris suae, corredemptricis nostrae, beatae Mariae”; in Acta Apostolicae Sedis V [1913], p. 364). Furthermore, the following year the same sainted Roman Pontiff, Pius X, granted an indulgence to a prayer that addressed the Mother of Jesus as “the corredemptrix of the human race” (“corredentrice del genere umano”; in Acta Apostolicae Sedis VI [1914], p. 108).

The Theological Status of the Doctrine

Quotes like the foregoing could be multiplied further, but these suffice to establish that the magisterial evidence for the truth of the Corredemption of Mary is overwhelming; thus it is clear that no Catholic can question it without sinning. Yet the precise theological note of this teaching still remains to be determined. Is it dogma, such that its denial would constitute the sin of heresy? Or does it possess a lesser theological status?

Fr. Joseph de Aldama, S.J., in his treatise On the Blessed Virgin Mary for the dogmatic compendium Sacrae Theologiae Summa, draws some necessary distinctions and assesses the theological status of each individually:

a) That Mary cooperated in the work of redemption, at least mediately, is a matter of faith (de fide).

b) That she also cooperated immediately is a doctrine more in conformity with the quoted texts of the Holy Pontiffs. Indeed these texts, taken together as a whole, signify the constant teaching for a century of the Roman Pontiffs proposed to the whole Church more clearly with the passage of time. For they are not unaware of the disputes of theologians over this matter.

c) That the title of Corredemptrix is used rightly is certain; and it is not licit to doubt about is suitability.

(Rev. Joseph A. de Aldama, Sacrae Theologiae Summa IIIA: On the Blessed Virgin Mary, n. 158; italics given.)

One could write an entire book on the Blessed Virgin’s association with Christ in His Work of Redemption. People who are interested in reading more about this topic are encouraged to consult the appropriate pre-Vatican II Church-approved literature on the subject, such as Fr. Juniper Carol’s 3-volume Mariology set, recently reprinted by Mediatrix Press.

We must remember that the Corredemption of the Blessed Virgin detracts from Christ’s Redemptive Work no more than honoring her as the Mother of God takes away from His Incarnation. On the contrary! As God would not become man without the cooperation of a woman (cf. Lk 1:38), so He chose to redeem the world not without the participation of His sorrowful and afflicted sinless Mother. The ultimate source of the Co-Redemption, we must always remember, is the inscrutable Will of God; it was simply His “special divine will to admit and associate Her with Christ in the work of redemption” (de Aldama, On the Blessed Virgin Mary, n. 158).

Thus the Co-Redemption of Mary is reasonable, in conformity with Divine Revelation, and entirely magisterial. It is, furthermore, incredibly beautiful.

All Catholics Must Assent to the Papal Teaching

Tragically, there are even some who call themselves Catholics and sedevacantists who deny the Blessed Mother’s participation in the Redemption; they opt instead to abide by their own private interpretation of Church teaching, as though they had the right to deviate from the papal magisterium under any pretext.

Yet the Church is clear on the authority of papal teaching, even when it is exercised non-infallibly. St. Robert Bellarmine, the Doctor of the Papacy, pointed out that “all Catholics agree” that “the Pope, by himself or with a particular Council, while stating something in a doubtful matter, whether he could err or not, must be obediently heard by all the faithful” (De Romano Pontifice, Book IV, Chapter II; Grant translation).

Pope Pius IX exhorted his bishops to be “vigilant in act and word, so that the faithful may grow in love for this Holy See, venerate it, and accept it with complete obedience; they should execute whatever the See itself teaches, determines, and decrees” (Encyclical Inter Multiplices, n. 7).

Not surprisingly, the same was also the clear teaching of Pope Leo XIII:

If in the difficult times in which Our lot is cast, Catholics will give ear to Us, as it behooves them to do, they will readily see what are the duties of each one in matters of opinion as well as action. As regards opinion, whatever the Roman Pontiffs have hitherto taught, or shall hereafter teach, must be held with a firm grasp of mind, and, so often as occasion requires, must be openly professed.

(Pope Leo XIII, Encyclical Immortale Dei, n. 41; underlining added.)

It happens far otherwise with Christians; they receive their rule of faith from the Church, by whose authority and under whose guidance they are conscious that they have beyond question attained to truth. Consequently, as the Church is one, because Jesus Christ is one, so throughout the whole Christian world there is, and ought to be, but one doctrine: “One Lord, one faith;” “but having the same spirit of faith,” they possess the saving principle whence proceed spontaneously one and the same will in all, and one and the same tenor of action.

In defining the limits of the obedience owed to the pastors of souls, but most of all to the authority of the Roman Pontiff, it must not be supposed that it is only to be yielded in relation to dogmas of which the obstinate denial cannot be disjoined from the crime of heresy. Nay, further, it is not enough sincerely and firmly to assent to doctrines which, though not defined by any solemn pronouncement of the Church, are by her proposed to belief, as divinely revealed, in her common and universal teaching, and which the [First] Vatican Council declared are to be believed “with Catholic and divine faith.” But this likewise must be reckoned amongst the duties of Christians, that they allow themselves to be ruled and directed by the authority and leadership of bishops, and, above all, of the Apostolic See.

And how fitting it is that this should be so any one can easily perceive. For the things contained in the divine oracles have reference to God in part, and in part to man, and to whatever is necessary for the attainment of his eternal salvation. Now, both these, that is to say, what we are bound to believe and what we are obliged to do, are laid down, as we have stated, by the Church using her divine right, and in the Church by the supreme Pontiff.

Wherefore it belongs to the Pope to judge authoritatively what things the sacred oracles contain, as well as what doctrines are in harmony, and what in disagreement, with them; and also, for the same reason, to show forth what things are to be accepted as right, and what to be rejected as worthless; what it is necessary to do and what to avoid doing, in order to attain eternal salvation. For, otherwise, there would be no sure interpreter of the commands of God, nor would there be any safe guide showing man the way he should live.

(Pope Leo XIII, Encyclical Sapientiae Christianae, nn. 21, 24; underlining added.)

To a Catholic, then, the matter is clear.

Who is the Fool now?

In his role as “Pope” Francis, Bergoglio said it was “foolish” to look upon the Blessed Mother as the Co-Redemptrix of mankind. As it turns out, however — and this won’t come as a surprise to many –, it is Bergoglio who is the fool. Thinking himself wise, he added yet another mortal sin to his nearly endless list of grievous offenses against Almighty God, who will not be mocked (see Gal 6:7): “For it is written: I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the prudence of the prudent I will reject. Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this world? Hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?” (1 Cor 1:19-20).

Clearly, the Co-Redemption is traditional Catholic doctrine — and now we know it is one more that Francis denies. Depending on precisely what aspects of the Mother of God’s participation in Christ’s Redemptive Sacrifice he means to reject when he calls it “foolishness”, his denial may or may not rise to the level of heresy this time.

However, his proud contempt for the teaching authority of Holy Mother Church and for the Virgin of Sorrows most certainly does reach to heaven.

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